Imperial Cleaning

Barcelona Cathedral (La Seu)

On the eve of the vote, opinion polls found that Catalans were roughly evenly split on the issue of independence, but an overwhelming majority favoured putting the issue to a fair and legal vote.

Pure Sensual Delights

Top attractions in Barcelona

A new base was established at the airport in September There are two terminals: T2, which is the sum of the previous Terminals A, B and C, located on the north side of the airport and T1, on the west side, which opened on 16 June As of [update] the two terminals had a combined total of check-in counters and 64 boarding gates.

Operations at the airport are restricted exclusively to Instrument flight rules IFR flights, except for sanitary, emergency and government VFR flights.

A plan for expansion Plan Barcelona [12] was completed in , adding a third terminal building also designed by Ricardo Bofill and control tower. The airport expanded in area from 8. The airport is the subject of a political discussion over management and control between the Generalitat of Catalonia and the Spanish Government , which has involved AENA airport manager and various airlines, Iberia and Spanair mainly.

Part of the controversy is about the benefits that the airport generates, which are used in maintenance and investments in other airports in the network of AENA and government investments in other economic areas. A new Terminal 1, designed by Ricardo Bofill was inaugurated on the 16 June This terminal is also capable of handling large aircraft like the Airbus A or Boeing I. The terminal handles both Schengen and non-Schengen flights.

This terminal will be at 1,5 kilometres from the current T1 terminal, behind the , transversal, runway. With this action, the airport will be able to increase its passenger capacity to 70 million people annually. Terminal 2 is divided into three linked sections, known as Terminal 2A, 2B and 2C. Terminal 2B is the oldest part of the complex still in use, dating back to Terminals 2A and 2C were added in order to expand the airport capacity before the arrival of the Summer Olympics held in city.

This terminal is most occupied by low-cost airlines, although there are some airlines which are not low-cost in this terminal. Following the opening of Terminal 1 in , Terminal 2 became almost empty until the airport authorities lowered landing fees to attract low-cost and regional carriers to fill the terminal. Whilst this has helped, the complex is nowhere near full capacity and Terminal 2A is currently unused for departures.

Terminal 2B is mostly used by Ryanair and others, like Transavia. And T2A is adapted for large airplanes, such as B The terminal is also split into Modules, where flights to schengen destinations use Module U and flights to non Schengen destinations use Modules W and Y.

The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter flights to and from Barcelona: Passengers for T1 must take a connecting bus from Terminal 2B to Terminal 1. Also this airport is linked to Barcelona by underground metro since 12 February [40] [41] by Line 9 of the Barcelona Metro with a station in each terminal, the Aeroport T1 station situated directly underneath the airport terminal T1 and the Aeroport T2 station close to the Aeroport rail station at the terminal T2.

The line connects with several Barcelona Metro lines to the city center. The CB highway connects the airport to a main traffic interchange between Barcelona's Ronda de Dalt beltway and major motorways. There is provision for parking cars at the airport, with about 24, parking spaces.

Another company offers transfers from Barcelona Airport to nearest airports like Reus Airport or Girona—Costa Brava , provincial and national capitals and links with France or Andorra. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Barcelona Airport. Airport Rodalies de Catalunya. Barcelona Metro line 9. Retrieved 10 February Retrieved 7 April Retrieved on 4 October Retrieved 14 September Retrieved 14 April Retrieved 1 June Retrieved 12 December Retrieved 16 February Retrieved 11 September Retrieved 30 January Archived from the original on 14 November Retrieved 3 June Retrieved 22 February Retrieved 7 June Retrieved 10 March Retrieved 16 March Retrieved 28 February Retrieved 5 March Retrieved 7 March Wizz Air launches new direct flights from Kutaisi".

Retrieved 6 October La Vanguardia Press release in Spanish. In addition to that, The most important region of origin of migrants is Europe, with many coming from Italy 26, or France 13, Since the s, and similar to other migrants, many Latin Americans have settled in northern parts of the city. There exists a relatively large Pakistani community in Barcelona with up to twenty thousand nationals.

The community consists of significantly more men than women. Many of the Pakistanis are living in Ciutat Vella. First Pakistani migrants came in the s, with increasing numbers in the s.

Other significant migrant groups come from Asia as from China and the Philippines. The province has the largest Muslim community in Spain, , people in Barcelona province are of Muslim religion. The city also has the largest Jewish community in Spain, with an estimated 3, Jews living in the city.

Barcelona was the 24th most "livable city" in the world in according to lifestyle magazine Monocle. Barcelona has a long-standing mercantile tradition. Less well known is that the city industrialised early, taking off in , when Catalonia's already sophisticated textile industry began to use steam power. It became the first and most important industrial city in the Mediterranean basin.

Since then, manufacturing has played a large role in its history. Borsa de Barcelona Barcelona Stock Exchange is the main stock exchange in the northeastern part of the Iberian Peninsula. Drawing upon its tradition of creative art and craftsmanship, Barcelona is known for its award-winning industrial design. It also has several congress halls, notably Fira de Barcelona — the second largest trade fair and exhibition centre in Europe, that host a quickly growing number of national and international events each year at present above However, the Eurozone crisis and deep cuts in business travel affected the Council's positioning of the city as a convention centre.

Barcelona was the 20th-most-visited city in the world by international visitors and the fifth most visited city in Europe after London, Paris, Istanbul and Rome, with 5. Barcelona as internationally renowned a tourist destination, with numerous recreational areas, one of the best beaches in the world, [92] [93] mild and warm climate, historical monuments, including eight UNESCO World Heritage Sites , hotels as of March [94] including 35 five star hotels, [95] and developed tourist infrastructure.

Due to its large influx of tourists each year, Barcelona, like many other tourism capitals, has to deal with pickpockets, with wallets and passports being commonly stolen items. For this reason, most travel guides recommend that visitors take precautions in order to ensure their possessions' safety, especially inside the metro premises.

While tourism produces economic benefits, the city is "overrun" In early , over , protesters warned that tourism is destabilizing the city. Slogans included "Tourists go home", "Barcelona is not for sale" and "We will not be driven out".

By then, number of visitors had increased from 1. The mayor has suggested an additional tourist tax and setting a limit on the number of visitors. Barcelona has long been an important European automobile manufacturing centre. Today, the headquarters and a large factory of SEAT the largest Spanish automobile manufacturer are in one of its suburbs. There is also a Nissan factory in the logistics and industrial area of the city.

As in other modern cities, the manufacturing sector has long since been overtaken by the services sector, though it remains very important. The region's leading industries are textiles , chemical, pharmaceutical , motor, electronic, printing, logistics , publishing , in telecommunications industry and culture the notable Mobile World Congress , and information technology services. The traditional importance of textiles is reflected in Barcelona's drive to become a major fashion centre.

There have been many attempts to launch Barcelona as a fashion capital , notably Gaudi Home. Since , The Brandery , an urban fashion show, has been held in Barcelona twice a year until As the capital of the autonomous community of Catalonia , Barcelona is the seat of the Catalan government, known as the Generalitat de Catalunya ; of particular note are the executive branch , the parliament , and the High Court of Justice of Catalonia.

Barcelona is governed by a city council formed by 41 city councillors, elected for a four-year term by universal suffrage. As one of the two biggest cities in Spain, Barcelona is subject to a special law articulated through the Carta Municipal Municipal Law. A first version of this law was passed in and amended later, but the current version was approved in March It also gives a special economic regime to the city's treasury and it gives the council a veto in matters that will be decided by the central government, but that will need a favourable report from the council.

They are composed by a number of councillors proportional to the number of councillors each political party has in the plenary. Some of these competencies are not exclusive, but shared with the Generalitat de Catalunya or the central Spanish government. In some fields with shared responsibility such as public health, education or social services , there is a shared Agency or Consortium between the city and the Generalitat to plan and manage services. It is made up of departments which are legally part of the city council and by separate legal entities of two types: After 32 years, on 22 May , CiU gained a plurality of seats at the municipal election, gaining 15 seats to the PSC's The districts are based mostly on historical divisions, and several are former towns annexed by the city of Barcelona in the 18th and 19th centuries that still maintain their own distinct character.

Each district has its own council led by a city councillor. The composition of each district council depends on the number of votes each political party had in that district, so a district can be led by a councillor from a different party than the executive council. Barcelona has a well-developed higher education system of public universities.

Most prominent among these is the University of Barcelona established in , a world-renowned research and teaching institution with campuses around the city. Barcelona is also home to the Polytechnic University of Catalonia , and the newer Pompeu Fabra University , and, in the private sector the EADA Business School founded in , became the first Barcelona institution to run manager training programmes for the business community. The Autonomous University of Barcelona , another public university, is located in Bellaterra , a town in the Metropolitan Area.

The city has a network of public schools, from nurseries to high schools, under the responsibility of a consortium led by city council though the curriculum is the responsibility of the Generalitat de Catalunya. There are also many private schools, some of them Roman Catholic. Most such schools receive a public subsidy on a per-student basis, are subject to inspection by the public authorities, and are required to follow the same curricular guidelines as public schools, though they charge tuition.

Known as escoles concertades , they are distinct from schools whose funding is entirely private escoles privades. The language of instruction at public schools and escoles concertades is Catalan, as stipulated by the Catalan Education Act. Spanish may be used as a language of instruction by teachers of Spanish literature or language, and foreign languages by teachers of those languages. Barcelona's cultural roots go back years.

Since the arrival of democracy , the Catalan language very much repressed during the dictatorship of Franco has been promoted, both by recovering works from the past and by stimulating the creation of new works. It performs around 75 concerts per season and its current director is Eiji Oue. The major thoroughfare of La Rambla is home to mime artists and street performers.

The city also has a thriving alternative music scene, with groups such as The Pinker Tones receiving international attention. Barcelona's oldest and main online newspaper VilaWeb is also the oldest one in Europe with Catalan and English editions. Barcelona has a long sporting tradition and hosted the highly successful Summer Olympics as well as several matches during the FIFA World Cup at the two stadiums.

It has hosted about 30 sports events of international significance. FC Barcelona is a sports club best known worldwide for its football team, one of the largest and the second richest in the world. It is the only male football team in the world to accomplish a single season sextuple. The club's museum is the second most visited in Catalonia. Barcelona has three UEFA elite stadiums: The city has a further three multifunctional venues for sports and concerts: Several road running competitions are organised year-round in Barcelona: There's also the Ultratrail Collserola which passes 85 kilometres 53 miles through the Collserola forest.

Each Christmas, a swimming race across the port is organised. Skateboarding and cycling are also very popular in Barcelona; in and around the city there are dozens of kilometers of bicycle paths. Barcelona is also home to numerous social centres and illegal squats that effectively form a shadow society mainly made up of the unemployed, immigrants, dropouts, anarchists , anti-authoritarians and autonomists.

He notes that they pirate electricity, internet and water allowing them to live on less than one euro a day. He argues that these squats embrace an anarcho-communist and anti-work philosophy, often freely fixing up new houses, cleaning, patching roofs, installing windows, toilets, showers, lights and kitchens.

In the wake of austerity, the squats have provided a number of social services to the surrounding residents, including bicycle repair workshops, carpentry workshops, self-defense classes, free libraries , community gardens , free meals, computer labs, language classes, theatre groups, free medical care and legal support services. Notable squats include Can Vies and Can Masdeus.

Police have repeatedly tried to shut down the squatters movement with waves of evictions and raids, but the movement is still going strong. It is the second-largest airport in Spain, and the largest on the Mediterranean coast, which handled more than The airport mainly serves domestic and European destinations, although some airlines offer destinations in Latin America, Asia and the United States. The airport is connected to the city by highway, metro Airport T1 and Airport T2 stations , commuter train Barcelona Airport railway station and scheduled bus service.

A new terminal T1 has been built, and entered service on 17 June Sabadell Airport is a smaller airport in the nearby town of Sabadell , devoted to pilot training , aerotaxi and private flights. The Port of Barcelona has a year-old history and a great contemporary commercial importance. It is Europe's ninth largest container port, with a trade volume of 1.

Port Vell the old port , the commercial port and the logistics port Barcelona Free Port. The port is undergoing an enlargement that will double its size thanks to diverting the mouth of the Llobregat river 2 kilometres 1 mile to the south. The Barcelona harbour is the leading European cruiser port and a most important Mediterranean turnaround base.

The Port Vell area also houses the Maremagnum a commercial mall , a multiplex cinema, the IMAX Port Vell and one of Europe's largest aquariums — Aquarium Barcelona , containing 8, fish and 11 sharks contained in 22 basins filled with 4 million litres of sea water.

The Maremagnum, being situated within the confines of the port, is the only commercial mall in the city that can open on Sundays and public holidays. Freight services operate to local industries and to the Port of Barcelona. Both these lines serve Barcelona Sants terminal station.

The FGC operates largely commuter rail services, but also carries freight to the Port of Barcelona, as well as a number of rack railways and funiculars and three of the lines of the Barcelona Metro see local public transport below.

Barcelona lies on three international routes, including European route E15 that follows the Mediterranean coast, European route E90 to Madrid and Lisbon, and European route E09 to Paris.

The city is circled by three half ring roads or bypasses, Ronda de Dalt B on the mountain side , Ronda del Litoral B along the coast and Ronda del Mig separated into two parts: Travessera de Dalt in the north and the Gran Via de Carles III , two partially covered [] fast highways with several exits that bypass the city. The famous boulevard of La Rambla , whilst no longer an important vehicular route, remains an important pedestrian route.

Barcelona is served by a comprehensive local public transport network that includes a metro , a bus network, two separate modern tram networks, a separate historic tram line, and several funiculars and aerial cable cars.

This integrated public transport is divided into different zones 1 to 6 and depending on usage various Integrated Travel Cards [] are available. The largely underground Barcelona Metro network comprises twelve lines, identified by an "L" followed by the line number as well as by individual colours. Eight of these lines are operated on dedicated track by the Transports Metropolitans de Barcelona TMB , whilst four lines are operated by the Ferrocarrils de la Generalitat de Catalunya FGC and some of them share tracks with that company's commuter lines.

The city has two aerial cable cars: Buses in Barcelona are a major form of public transport, with extensive local, interurban and night bus networks. Most local services are operated by the TMB, although some other services are operated by a number of private companies, albeit still within the ATM fare structure. Most of the licences are in the hands of self-employed drivers.

With their black and yellow livery, Barcelona's taxis are easily spotted, and can be caught from one of many taxi ranks , hailed on street, called by telephone or via app. On 22 March , [] Barcelona's City Council started the Bicing service , a bicycle service understood as a public transport.

Once the user has their user card, they can take a bicycle from any of the more than stations spread around the city and use it anywhere the urban area of the city, and then leave it at another station. Many of the buildings date from medieval times, some from as far back as the Roman settlement of Barcelona. Catalan modernista architecture related to the movement known as Art Nouveau in the rest of Europe developed between and and left an important legacy in Barcelona. Several of these buildings are World Heritage Sites.

As of [update] , completion is planned for Barcelona was also home to Mies van der Rohe 's Barcelona Pavilion. Designed in for the International Exposition for Germany, it was an iconic building that came to symbolise modern architecture as the embodiment of van der Rohe's aphorisms "less is more" and "God is in the details.

A modern re-creation by Spanish architects now stands in Barcelona, however, constructed in Barcelona won the RIBA Royal Gold Medal for its architecture, [] the first and as of [update] , only time that the winner has been a city rather than an individual architect. Barcelona has a great number of museums, which cover different areas and eras. The Erotic museum of Barcelona is among the most peculiar ones, while CosmoCaixa is a science museum that received the European Museum of the Year Award in The FC Barcelona Museum has been the most visited museum in the city of Barcelona, with 1,, visitors in Barcelona contains sixty municipal parks, twelve of which are historic, five of which are thematic botanical , forty-five of which are urban , and six of which are forest.

A part of the Collserolla Park is also within the city limits. PortAventura , one of the largest amusement parks in Europe, with 3,, visitors per year, is located one hour's drive from Barcelona. Barcelona beach was listed as number one in a list of the top ten city beaches in the world according to National Geographic [92] and Discovery Channel.

The Olympic Harbour separates them from the other city beaches: At present, the beach sand is artificially replenished given that storms regularly remove large quantities of material. The Universal Forum of Cultures left the city a large concrete bathing zone on the eastmost part of the city's coastline.

Most recently, Llevant is the first beach to allow dogs access during summer season. Santa Maria del Mar church. Santa Maria del Pi church. Castell dels Tres Dragons.

The Torre de Collserola on the Tibidabo is the tallest structure in Barcelona Port Vell Aerial Tramway. La Rambla , a popular shopping street and promenade. Barcelona is twinned with the following cities: Other forms of co-operation and city friendship similar to the twin city programmes exist to many cities worldwide. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Redirected from Barcelona, Spain. This article is about the city in Spain. For other uses, see Barcelona disambiguation. City and municipality in Catalonia, Spain. History of Barcelona and Timeline of Barcelona. The World Trade Center Barcelona. Municipal elections in Barcelona and List of mayors of Barcelona. List of theatres and concert halls in Barcelona. List of Modernista buildings in Barcelona. Buildings and structures in Barcelona. List of museums in Barcelona.

The Arc de Triomf. Statue of Christopher Columbus. W Barcelona Hotel Vela. Barcelona's old Customs building at Port Vell. List of twin towns and sister cities in Spain. Shenzhen , China [] [] [] []. Barcelona portal Spain portal Catalan-speaking countries portal European Union portal. Retrieved 13 November Statistical Institute of Catalonia. Retrieved 23 November Retrieved 29 April Archived from the original on 10 October Retrieved 13 May Archived from the original on 14 October Retrieved 1 December Archived from the original on 20 October Retrieved 30 March Retrieved 16 December Archived from the original on 4 June Retrieved 14 January Archived from the original on 27 September Archived from the original on 23 July Retrieved 15 September Archived from the original PDF on 14 June Retrieved 14 June Annual Traffic Report of the Aviation Department.

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